MULT 277-01FA18
INTRUMENTAL LITERATURE I
M 2:40p.m. – 3:40p.m.
Syllabus and Course Outline Fall 2018

 

Instructor: Brent Chancellor
Office: Chapin Hall 228
Phone: 917 239-7007
Email: chancellorb@montclair.edu
Office Hours: By Appointment
Classroom: Chapin Hall RM 330

Website and Nest
Course materials such as syllabus, handouts, notes, assignment instructions, etc. will be communicated through Montclair State University Canvas. You are responsible for regularly checking email to learn any updates.

Required Texts
Texts: Downloadable scores and online materials.

Course Description
CREATION OF THE SYMPHONY: 1600-1827

Course Goals and Learning Objectives
To explore the foundational elements and evolution of “the symphony” from its various inceptions during the late Baroque to its formal climax in the Classical period.

Course Requirements and Assignments
Participation is essential for success in this course.

Grading
Grades are based upon the following formula. In order to receive a passing grade for this course, the student must satisfactorily complete each of the constituent parts.

Grading is Based on 100 Points
1.  50% Listening and Research Projects
2.  10% Class Engagement
3.  40% Final Exam covering semesters content

(A 90-100, B 80-89, C 70-79, D 60-69, F 59 and lower)

Penalty for Late or Missed Work
Assignments are due on the dates stated in the Course Schedule. Students may not make up a missed test or assignment due to an unexcused absence. Missed tests or assignments due to excused absences can only be made up at a time appointed by the instructor. You must notify the instructor of an excused absence before the absence occurs.

Classroom Protocol
Class participation is essential for you to learn. Assigned materials are expected to be reviewed before attending class in order to engage in meaningful discussion. Cell phones and other electronic devices should be turned off.

Attendance

Attendance is not required. However, part of your grade will be derived from your class participation and engagement. If you don’t show up and participate, you will not be able to earn higher than a 90%.

Consent for Recording of Class and Public Sharing of Instructor Material
Recording requires students to obtain instructor’s permission to record the course.

Course material developed by the instructor is the intellectual property of the instructor and cannot be shared publicly without his/her approval. You may not publicly share or upload instructor generated material for this course such as exam questions, lecture notes, or homework solutions without instructor consent.

Academic integrity
Instances of academic dishonesty will not be tolerated. Cheating on exams or plagiarism (presenting the work of another as your own, or the use of another person’s ideas without giving proper credit) will result in a failing grade and sanctions by the University. For this class, all assignments are to be completed by the individual student unless otherwise specified.

Course Outline
CREATION OF THE SYMPHONY: 1600-1827

  1. What is the symphony?
    1. Inception: Greek Origins
    2. Definitions: Sinfonia, Symphonie, Symphoniae
    3. Opera, Overture, Oratorio, Passion, Dance Suites
  2. The Path to Instrumental Excess (1600-1700)
    1. Giovanni Gabrieli: Sacrae Symphoniae
    2. Monteverdi
    3. Corelli
    4. Telemann
    5. J.S. Bach
    6. Form: Sinfonia, Sonata Form, Sonata-Allegro, Concerto, Inventions
  3. In the Beginning: Galante & Empfindsamer Stil (1700-1750)
    1. Vivaldi
    2. Handel
    3. Johann Stamitz: Mannheim School
    4. Giovanni Battista Sammartini: Trio-sonata, Rounded-Binary
    5. W. Gluck
    6. C.P.E. Bach
  4. Codification of Symphonic Form: Viennese Rule (1750-1800)
    1. Haydn
    2. Mozart
    3. First Viennese School
  5. Symphonus Maximus: Height of Symphonic Tradition (1800-1827)
    1. Beethoven 1
    2. Beethoven 3
    3. Beethoven 5
    4. Beethoven 9

Works To Be Explored (IMSLP Links)

Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Canzon per sonar septimi toni a 8, Ch.171, No. 29 (c.1597)
Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Sonata pian e forte, Ch.175, No. 33 (c.1597)
Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Canzon per sonar duodecimi toni a 10, Ch.178, No. 44 (c.1597)
Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Sonata octavi toni a 12, Ch.184, No. 59 (c.1597)
Claudio Monteverdi – L’Incoronzione di Poppea Sinfonia (c.1640)

Claudio Monteverdi – L’Orfeo Overture Sinfonia (c.1606-12)
Arcangelo Corelli – Concerto Grosso in DM Op.6 No.4 (1712)
Georg Philipp Telemann – Ouverture “Wassermusik” TWV 55:C3 (c.1720)
Georg Philipp Telemann – Grillen-symphonie TWV 50:1 (1765)
Antonio Vivaldi – Sinfonia GM RV 146 (c.1720-30?)
Antonio Vivaldi – Sinfonia DM RV 122 (c.1720-30?)
G.F. Handel – Water Music Suite No. 2 DM (1717)
G.F. Handel – Music for the Royal Fireworks (1749)
Johann Stamitz – Symphony No. 1 GM “Mannheim 1” (1741-46)
Johann Stamitz – Symphony in D major, DTB VII/2.3 (c.1759)
Giovanni Battista Sammartini – Symphony in CM, J-C 7 (c.1725-55)
Giovanni Battista Sammartini – Symphony in AM, J-C 60 (c.1735-55)
C.W. Gluck – Sym. in GM, Wq. deest, Chen G3 “Weimarer” (c.1774-83)
C.P.E. Bach – Symphony No. 3 CM, Wq. 182 (1773)
C.P.E. Bach – Symphony No. 1 DM, Wq. 183 (1775)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No.1 in DM (1759)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 11 EbM (1760-62)

Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 22 EbM “Philosopher” (1764)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 49 Fm (1768)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 53 DM (1774-77)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 60 CM “Il Distratto” (1775)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 82 CM “The Bear” (1786)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Quartet Op. 1, No. 1 in BbM (1762)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Quartet Op.74, No.3 ‘Rider’ Gm (1772)
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 1 (1764)
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 25 (1773) W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 34 (1780)
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 41 “Jupiter” (1788)
Franz Schubert – Symphony No. 6 CM (1818)
Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 1 CM (1800)
Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 3 EM (1805)
Ludwig van Beethoven – Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor, Op. 57 (1805)

Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 5 Cm (1808)
Ludwig van Beethoven – Quartet No.11, Op.95 (1810)

Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 9 DM (1824)

Resource: List of Composers

CLASS SCHEDULE

WEEK 1: September 3 – NO SCHOOL

WEEK 2: September 10 – INTRODUCTION – P1: What is the Symphony? 1

Discussion:    Introduction and Syllabus.
What is a symphony? Who wrote the first “Symphony”?
Why is it called a symphony?

Works: Ancient Greece/Syria

Readings:     
Ancient Greek συμφωνία symphōnia – agreement of sound.
Article – What was the first symphony?
Sinfonia Wiki
Symphony Wiki
Interactive Overview of Symphony Evolution

Listening: In-Class
The Oldest Known Melody (Hurrian Hymn no.6 – c.1400 B.C.)
Reconstructed Ancient Egyptian Melody 1400BCE
Second Delphic Hymn to Apollo
Ancient Greece c.400 BCE
Ancient Greek Music – Akoúsate Argos

 

WEEK 3: September 17 – P1: What is the Symphony? 2

Discussion: Catching up to 1600: Early Opera, Overture (Sinfonia), Oratorio, Passions, Dance Suites, Sacred Music.

Works: Various

Readings:     
Passions Wiki
Oratorio Wiki
Opera Wiki
Overture Wiki
Dance Suite Wiki

Listening: In-Class
Guillaume de Machaut: La Messe de Nostre Dame – Kyrie (1300-1377)
Johannes Ockeghem – Déploration sur la mort de Binchois (c.1460)
“Déploration sur la mort d’Ockeghem ” Josquin des Près (1497)
Palestrina – Missa Papae Marcelli – III. Credo (1529)
Janequin – Le chant des Oyseaulx (1529)
Monteverdi Madrigals Book V (1590-1605)
Monteverdi – Sinfonia, Altri canti d’Amor (c.1638)
J. B. Lully – Ballet De La Nuit Ouverture (1653)
Purcell – Dido & Aeneas – When I am laid in earth (Dido’s lament) (1659-1695)
Charles Dieupart – Les Six Suites (1701)
Johann Sebastian Bach: Orchestral Suite No. 2 in B minor, BWV 1067 (1738) wiki

 

WEEK 4: September 24 – P2: The Path to Instrumental Excess (1600-1700) 1

Discussion: Giovanni Gabrieli: Sacrae Symphoniae, Monteverdi

Works:
Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Canzon per sonar septimi toni a 8, Ch.171, No. 29 (c.1597)

Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Sonata pian e forte, Ch.175, No. 33 (c.1597)
Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Canzon per sonar duodecimi toni a 10, Ch.178, No. 44 (c.1597)
Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Sonata octavi toni a 12, Ch.184, No. 59 (c.1597)
Claudio Monteverdi – L’Incoronzione di Poppea Sinfonia (c.1640)
Claudio Monteverdi – L’Orfeo Overture Sinfonia (c.1606-12)

Readings:
Giovanni Gabrieli (1554-1612)
Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)
Baroque Music overview

Listening: In-Class
Giovanni Gabrieli ‎– Sacrae Symphoniae Vol. 1
Giovanni Gabrieli ‎– Sacrae Symphoniae Vol. 2
Giovanni Gabrieli: SGiovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Canzon per sonar septimi toni a 8, Ch.171, No. 29 (c.1597)
Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Sonata pian e forte, Ch.175, No. 33 (c.1597)
Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Canzon per sonar duodecimi toni a 10, Ch.178, No. 44 (c.1597)
Giovanni Gabrieli – Sacrae Symphoniae, Sonata octavi toni a 12, Ch.184, No. 59  (c.1597)
L’Orfeo Sinfonia (c.1606-1612)
C. Monteverdi: Sinfonia da L’Incoronazione di Poppea (c.1640)
Claudio Monteverdi – L’incoronazione di Poppea (Minkowski) (c.1640)
Monteverdi: L’Incoronazione di Poppea “Pur ti Miro”

 

WEEK 5: October 1 – P2: The Path to Instrumental Excess (1600-1700) 2

Discussion: The move from vocal and sacred music to instrumental and secular. Sinfonia and the Concerto as the symphonic core.

Works:
Arcangelo Corelli – Concerto Grosso in DM Op.6 No.4 (1712)
J.S. Bach – Sinfonia 1 in C Major (from 15 Sinfonias) (1720-23)
Georg Philipp Telemann – Ouverture “Wassermusik” TWV 55:C3 (c.1720)
Georg Philipp Telemann – Grillen-symphonie TWV 50:1 (1765)

Readings:
Arcangelo Corelli (1652-1713)
Georg Pilipp Teleman (1681-1776)

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
J.S. Bach Sinfonias and Inventions
Sonata Form Wiki
Concerto Wiki

Listening: In-Class
Arcangelo Corelli: Concerto in D Major Op. 6 No. 4 (1712)
Bach: Sinfonia 1 in C Major, BWV 787 (Musical Analysis) (1720)
Bach – Sinfonias, BWV 787-801 (full)
G.F. Telemann: “Wassermusik” Ouverture in C major TWV 55:C3 (1720)
Georg Philipp Telemann – Grillen-symphonie TWV 50:1 (1765)

 

WEEK 6: October 8 – P3: Galante & Empfindsamer Stil (1700-1750) 1

Discussion: Concerto, Overture & Suite evolve to symphonic form.

Works:
Antonio Vivaldi – Sinfonia GM RV 146 (c.1720-30?)
Antonio Vivaldi – Sinfonia DM RV 122 (c.1720-30?)
G.F. Handel – Water Music Suite No. 2 DM (1717)
G.F. Handel – Music for the Royal Fireworks (1749)
Johann Stamitz – Symphony No. 1 GM “Mannheim 1” (1741-46)
Johann Stamitz – Symphony in D major, DTB VII/2.3 (c.1759)

Readings:
Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)
George Frideric Handel (1685-1759)
Johann Stamitz (1717-1757)

Galant
Empfindsamer Stil
Mannheim School Wiki

Listening: In-Class
Antonio Vivaldi – Sinfonia GM RV 146 (c.1720-30?)
Antonio Vivaldi – Sinfonia DM RV 122 (c.1720-30?)
G.F. Handel – Water Music Suite No. 2 DM (1717)
G.F. Handel – Music for the Royal Fireworks (1749)
Johann Stamitz – Symphony No. 1 GM “Mannheim 1” (1741-46)
Johann Stamitz – Symphony in D major, Op. 5 No. 2 (c.1759)

 

WEEK 7: October 15 – P3: Galante & Empfindsamer Stil (1700-1750) 2

Discussion: Symphonic form is born.

Works:
Giovanni Battista Sammartini – Symphony in CM, J-C 7 (c.1725-55)
Giovanni Battista Sammartini – Symphony in AM, J-C 60 (c.1735-55)
C.W. Gluck – Sym. in GM, Wq. deest, Chen G3 “Weimarer” (c.1774-83)
C.P.E. Bach – Symphony No. 3 CM, Wq. 182 (1773)
C.P.E. Bach – Symphony No. 1 DM, Wq. 183 (1775)

Readings:
Giovanni Battista Sammartini (1700-1775)
Trio Sonata Wiki
Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714-1787)
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788)

Listening: In-Class
Giovanni Battista Sammartini – Symphony in CM, J-C 7 (c.1725-55)
Giovanni Battista Sammartini – Symphony in AM, J-C 60 (c.1735-55)
C.W. Gluck – Sym. in GM, Wq. deest, Chen G3 “Weimarer” (c.1774-83)
C.P.E. Bach – Symphony No. 3 CM, Wq. 182 (1773)

C.P.E. Bach – Symphony No. 1 DM, Wq. 183 (1775)

 

WEEK 8: October 22 – P4: Sym. Codified: First Viennese School (1750-1800) 1

Discussion: First Viennese School: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven

Works:
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No.1 in DM (1759)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 11 EbM (1760-62)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 22 EbM “Philosopher” (1764)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Quartet Op. 1, No. 1 in BbM (1762)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 49 Fm (1768)

Readings:
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
Classical Period (1730-1820)
String Quartet
List of Haydn String Quartets

Listening: In-Class
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No.1 in DM (1759)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 11 EbM (1760-62)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 22 EbM “Philosopher” (1764)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Quartet Op. 1, No. 1 in BbM (1762)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 49 Fm (1768)

 

WEEK 9: October 29 – P4: Sym. Codified: First Viennese School (1750-1800) 2

Discussion: First Viennese School: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven

Works:
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 53 DM (1774-77)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 60 CM “Il Distratto” (1775)

Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 82 CM “The Bear” (1786)

Franz Joseph Haydn – Quartet Op.74, No.3 ‘Rider’ Gm (1772)

Readings:
First Viennese School

Listening: In-Class
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 53 DM (1774-77)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 60 CM “Il Distratto” (1775)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 82 CM “The Bear” (1786)
Franz Joseph Haydn – Quartet Op.74, No.3 ‘Rider’ Gm (1772)

 

WEEK 10: November 5 – P4: Sym. Codified: First Viennese School (1750-1800) 3

Discussion: First Viennese School: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven

Works:
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 1 (1764)
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 25 (1773)

W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 34 (1780)

W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 41 “Jupiter” (1788)

Readings:
W.A. Mozart (1756-1791)
List of Mozart Symphonies
Sinfonia concertante

Listening: In-Class
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 1 (1764) 9yrs old!
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 25 (1773)
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 34 (1780)
W.A. Mozart – Symphony No. 41 “Jupiter” (1788)

 

WEEK 11: November 12 – P5: Symphonus Maximus: Beethoven (1800-1827) 1

Discussion: Beethoven Symphonies 1 & 3

Works:
Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 1 CM (1800)

Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 3 EM (1805)

Readings:
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)

Beethoven Symphony No. 1 (1799)
Beethoven Symphony No. 3 (1804)

Listening: In-Class
Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 1 CM (1800)
Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 3 EM (1805)

 

WEEK 12: November 19 – P5: Symphonus Maximus: Beethoven (1800-1827) 2

Discussion: Beethoven Symphony 5 and the Piano Sonatas

Works:
Ludwig van Beethoven – Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor, Op. 57 (1805)
Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 5 Cm (1808)

Readings:
Piano Sonata
Beethoven Piano Sonatas
Beethoven Symphony No. 5 (1807)

Listening: In-Class
Ludwig van Beethoven – Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor, Op. 57 (1805)
Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 5 Cm (1808)

 

WEEK 13: November 26 – P5: Symphonus Maximus: Beethoven (1800-1827) 3

Discussion: Beethoven Quartets, Schubert

Works:
Ludwig van Beethoven – Quartet No.11, Op.95 (1810)
Franz Schubert – Symphony No. 6 CM (1818)

Readings:
Beethoven Quartets
Franz Schubert (1779-1828)

Listening: In-Class
Ludwig van Beethoven – Quartet No.11, Op.95 (1810)
Franz Schubert – Symphony No. 6 CM (1818)

 

WEEK 14: December 3 – P5: Symphonus Maximus: Beethoven (1800-1827) 4

Discussion: Beethoven Symphony No. 9

Works:
Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 9 DM (1824)

Readings:
Beethoven Symphony No. 9 in DM (1824)
Choral Symphony

Listening: In-Class
Ludwig van Beethoven – Symphony No. 9 DM (1824)

 

WEEK 15: December 10 – FINAL

FINAL EXAM

 

WEEK 16: December 19 – NO CLASS END SEMESTER!